Under the Jurisdiction of Mizo Hills District’s Deputy Commissioner, the Assam government created 'DC Transport' on 1st March 1967 to deal with the transport of foodstuffs. This DC Transport was set up with a fleet strength of 10 Fargo Dodge (Perkin engine) vehicles. When Mizoram attained Union Territory status in the year 1972, the DC Transport was upgraded and became Supplies & Transport Department under the Mizoram Government. This department was bifurcated into two Departments after 15years of its existence and the present Transport Department came to exist on 4th June 1987 with a fleet of 100 buses.
Transport is a crucial infrastructural component of the developmental process. In a state like Mizoram, where more than 90% of the Geographical area is covered by a very narrow hills, construction of roads remain a huge problem for the government as such most population lives near the road for easy access of requirement. Hence, the road passenger transport became one of its lifelines for the entire population of the state.
In spite of the important role it plays, it has not been possible to meet the growing demand for passenger movement mainly for want of funds for acquisition of buses and development of infrastructure. In an economy with 68 per cent of the total population inhabiting rural areas, their transport requirements must be met adequately and efficiently. This will enable integration of thousand of rural people in the state economic main stream to a large if not to a full extent.